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UCL - M. Ginatomassi - Core electrons and self-consistency in the GW approximation from a PAW perspective

Le Vendredi 29 Mai 2009 de 14h30 à 14h30

Invitation à la défense publique de thèse de Monsieur Matteo GIANTOMASSI

Titre : Core electrons and self-consistency in the GW approximation from a PAW perspective


Résumé :

Density functional theory (DFT) performs reasonably well for the determination of structural properties of many materials, but fails to predict electronic band gap values accurately.
Such a failure of DFT is not unexpected, since there exists no formal justification for interpreting the DFT eigenvalues as addition or removal energies of the many-body system (quasiparticle energies).
An alternative approach to the study of exchange-correlation effects in many-particle systems is provided by many-body perturbation theory (MBPT), which defines a rigorous approach to description of excited-state properties based on the Green's function formalism and the concept of quasiparticle electrons. Within MBPT, one can calculate the quasiparticle (QP) energies and the QP amplitudes by approximately solving, within the so-called GW approximation, the set of coupled integro-differential equations proposed by Hedin in 1965.
The GW method generally yields significantly better values for QP energies with respect to DFT as it accounts for the dynamic many-body effects in the electron-electron interaction going beyond the mean-field approximation of independent Kohn-Sham particles. The drawback of such an involved approach, however, is its large computational cost, which is mainly due to the evaluation of dielectric matrices, their inversion, and the solution of a non-Hermitian and nonlinear eigenvalue problem.
The first part of this PhD research is devoted to the implementation of an efficient and scalable coarse-grained parallel algorithms and the development of state-of-the-art methods to solve the GW equations.
All these techniques are then applied to the study of the quasiparticle band structures of SiO2 in the alpha quartz crystalline structure. The effects of the different approximations involved in the theory, the influence of self-consistency, and a systematic analysis of the reliability of the different plasmon-pole models are presented and discussed.
The second part of this PhD work is dedicated to the implementation of a methodological approach to the solution of the GW equations based on the so-called projector augmented wave method (PAW) proposed by Blochl in 1994. This new approach permits to remove many of the limitations intrinsic to the use of the pseudopotential technique widely used for ab-initio calculations, allowing one to reach GW results closer to an all-electron implementation while still maintaining computational efficiency, and flexibility. This allows us to achieve a coherent implementation of many different algorithms which enables a detailed comparison of GW calculations not yet performed until now. Results for the quasiparticle band structure and optical spectra of prototype s- and p-compounds are discussed and compared to recent studies reported in the scientific literature (when available).

La soutenance aura lieu le vendredi 29 mai 2009

Vendredi 29 mai 2009 à 14h30
Auditoire BARB93
Place Sainte-Barbe
Louvain-la-Neuve
Accès Louvain-la-Neuve Biéreau

Dernière mise à jour par EDT MAIN Vendredi 22 Mai 2009